Proper Bibliographic Reference Format:
- Bibliographic references are double-spaced and indented half an inch after the first line.
- Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles.
- Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation / master’s thesis in parentheses after the title.
Sabbagh, S. A. (2009). Investigating oral presentation skills and non-verbal communication techniques in UAE classrooms: A thesis in teaching English to speakers of other languages (master’s thesis). American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication.
Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.
Sabbagh (2009) compares a variety of oral presentation techniques.
Research papers written in APA style include four major sections. These sections include:
APA style title pages are centered horizontally and vertically. It consists of the title of your paper, your name and institution. For dissertations, it should also include the degree you are submitting the dissertation for, the month and the year. The title page should be numbered the first page. A running head should appear in the upper left-hand corner of your paper [Please note that title pages of Alliant dissertations should not include a running head. See the Formatting Manual for more information]. The running head should be typed in UPPERCASE letters and be no more than 50 characters long. Some programs differ in their requirements for a page number and running head, so check your program's guidelines.
Running Head: HOW TO USE APA
An abstract is a brief (150 to 250 words) but thorough description of your problem, findings and summaries. If you performed an experiment, your methodology and findings should be described. Your abstract should be one paragraph with no indentation.
Running head and pages are still present in the main body of your dissertation.
The running head and page numbers also continue onto your reference section. Center the word "References" and continue to use double spacing throughout this page. References must have a hanging indent and follow the APA formatting described throughout this guide.