Essay About Planetarium

...The Visit • Through an analysis of the characters, compare the ways in which the struggle between internal and external forces is presented. The play “The Visit” is about a millionaire called “Claire Zachanassian” who wants revenge from an injustice that had happened forty-five years, done by her former lover, “Alfred Ill”, so she returns to her hometown “Guellen” with the intent of giving some money to the town having in return the execution of her former lover. The plot carries various themes that are related to our present day reality, the main theme which is present in the play is, dominance of money, this can be seen throughout the whole of the play. The struggle in the play occurs between the whole of the town, each person having different dilemma’s, mainly connected to the decision of whether or not to execute Alfred Ill or not. Another struggle is between Alfred Ill and the whole of Guellen, where he sees that the people are beginning to become desperate for money. All these struggles are seen within the abnormal actions of the people, where there are buying new things and living more luxurious lives, but they do not care about the consequences of their actions. All the struggles seen in this play occur between the major characters of the play, Claire, Ill, and the Mayor. The themes which are viewed in the play “The Visit” are the reasons which the struggles occur, the main theme of corruption for money is the...


This review essay examines James McFarland's Constellation: Friedrich Nietzsche and Walter Benjamin in the Now-Time of History, which stages a comparative reading of the two thinkers’ works and argues that they shared a resistance to the conventions of nineteenth-century historicism as well as a desire to attend not to causation as a force in history but rather to the importance of each individual “present.” Benjamin's term “dialectics at a standstill” is a formulation only a reader of Nietzsche could have produced, as McFarland ably demonstrates. This review essay also delves into Benjamin's own use of the “constellation” motif, identifying complexities McFarland leaves out of his account. Influenced by Nietzsche's own uses of astronomical and astrological motifs, Benjamin employed the image of the constellation as a symbol not only for temporality (say, of the time it takes for starlight to reach our planet). He also used it to examine our transforming relationship with the cosmos and with nature most broadly, and, in the famous “Theses on the Philosophy of History,” he used it as a figure for the proper relationship historians should establish between their own period and the past; this is what yields an understanding of the present moment as the Jetztzeit, the “time of the now” enjoying its own dignity beyond any causal relationship with the future it may have. However, and as this review essay suggests, Benjamin's uses of the constellation image, and of images of stars, telescopes, and planetariums more generally, were highly ambivalent. They can serve as indices of his shifting views of modernity and of his desire that modern experience, seemingly condemned to alienation, might be redeemed.


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