Id-ul-Azha or Bakrid celebration in India is one of the biggest festivals of Indian Muslims. Know more about the festival with this write-up.
Bakr-id, to be rightly called Id-ul-Azha, is one of the most important Muslim festivals. This festival is observed and celebrated as a Festival of Sacrifice by Muslims all over the world. It falls on the 10th of Dhul-Hagg, the last month of the lunar year. Bakrid is celebrated in commemoration of Abraham's willingness to offer his only son as a sacrifice at God's command. On this day, goats are sacrificed as an offering. Bakrid is celebrated with great enthusiasm and vigor among Muslims. Men and women dress up in new clothes and go to mosques. They offer special prayers or 'Dua' for the peace and prosperity of all Muslims. After the prayer, sacrifice is done. Muslims greet one another 'Eid Mubarak' and share their warmth. They visit relatives and friends and exchange gifts. Special delicacies and dishes are prepared and served amongst family and friends.
The history of Eid-al-Adha/ Bakrid dates back to the times of Ibrahim. On the day of Bakrid, Muslims observe animal sacrifice to commemorate the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon him). Ibrahim dreamt of being commanded by God to sacrifice the person dearest to him to check his obedience. Ibrahim decided to sacrifice his only son Ismail who was just 13 years old at that time. When Ibrahim revealed to him about God's command, he was surprised to see the boy not defying the fact of being sacrificed. When Ibrahim was about to sacrifice the boy, Allah voiced stating that he need not carry out His order, as he had passed the test of devotion. He was further instructed to sacrifice a lamb instead of his only son. Ibrahim, by the Grace of Allah was blessed with another son, Is-haaq (Isaac). The history of Hajj pilgrimage revolves around the surrender of Ibrahim and his family to Allah. Bakrid is a celebration of ardent faith of the believers in Allah and His word Quran. It is recommended that the sacrifice is made in the name of Allah. The offering that is sacrificed is divided into three portions: One being set apart for personal consumption, another part to be distributed amongst friends and relatives and the third part to be given to the poor and needy.
Celebrations And Rituals
Eid-al-Adha/ Bakrid holds animal sacrifice as one of the most significant aspects in its celebration. In order to honor the event of Ibrahim's attempt to sacrifice his son, Muslims commence animal sacrifice, so as to conform to Allah's command, and Allah's mercy in substituting a lamb for the child. A goat, a sheep or a cow is sacrificed according to the laid down rules. One third of the meat is retained for family, while another third is distributed among friends and relatives and the remaining one third is given in charity for the poor and the needy. People wear new clothes on this occasion. They offer their prayers in a gathering in an open area called Eidgah or a mosque. People engage in animal sacrifice, performed duly in tune with the religious laws. Muslims make it a point to see that everybody becomes a part of the Eid feast. They chant Takbir loudly before and after offering their Eid prayers; the sacrifice is made and distribution of meat takes place. The sacrificed animal needs to meet somecertain age and quality standards as otherwise the animal would be considered inappropriate for sacrifice.
Bakri-Id, also known as Eid-al-Adha is extremely important to Muslims and thus, they celebrate it with great zeal and enthusiasm. It is celebrated on the 10th day of the 12th month, Dhu a-Hijjah. It occurs after the Hajj pilgrimage, which is the fifth pillar of Islam, undertaken by the Muslims. It is celebrated with ritualistic fervor in Andhra Pradesh and in particular, the old city of Hyderabad.
Id-ul-Fitr is one of the biggest festivals of the Muslims. The word 'Id' means happiness literary means breaking of fast. Therefore Id-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shawaal, the tenth month in the Muslim calender, to mark the end of a month long fast during the month of Ramzan. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm and with great fervour throughout the country.
Id is perhaps the only festival that lays great importance on sacrifice and purity of life. It teaches us the value of love, brotherhood and sympathy. The Muslims keep fast for a month so that their souls are purified.
They pray five times a day and give alms and food to the poor and the needy. They cherish a belief that Allah has given them health, strenght and opportunities of life to fulfil their obligations of fasting and other good deeds during the month of Ramzan.
The day on which Id falls is a day of great merry-making. It is a day of love, affection, harmony and brotherhood. The Muslims wear new colourful dresses. They go to the mosque first to offer Namaz and to seek blessings from their Allah. After that they visit their friends and relatives.
They embrace each other forgetting old grudges and ill-feelings. They wish each other Id Mubarak. Sweets are prepared and shared with friends and relatives. 'Sewian' is a popular dish made on Id. Guests is served with Sewian. "Idi" is also given to the Youngers by the elders.
Muslims from all strata of life are seen happy on Id. A spirit of brotherhood prevails in every heart. There is no distinction between the rich and the poor on this day. All are equal. The Government observes a holiday on this day. The President and the Prime Minister wish a happy Id to our Muslims brothers.
The other sections of the society also enjoy this day. Thus Id is celebrated in a very affectionate environment. India, being a secular country, gives full freedom to our Muslim brothers to enjoy this festival fully.
The festival comes every year to remind every Indian that communal harmony and brotherhood are foremost and they must be given top priority to strenghten the base of the society.